English creamware

For a long time, the most important ingredient of porcelain, kaolin – also known as China clay – was not available in Europe. But clay containing kaolin was found in Staffordshire (England) in the 18th century. English potters used it to make ‘creamware’,  a cream-coloured earthenware with a transparent glaze. Creamware is harder and more robust than lead-glazed or tin-glazed earthenware.